top of page
  • Ryoga

2 Ways to Make the Right Decision from Multiple Options

Updated: Dec 22, 2023


Man contemplating two choices, trying to make the right decision

Life is a constant crossroads, presenting us with an array of choices. At times, the vastness of these options—from education and career paths to deciding where to live—can leave us feeling overwhelmed, making it challenging to select the best course of action. But fear not! Navigating the labyrinth of life's choices is not an insurmountable task. With strategic thinking and careful analysis, you can make decisions that align perfectly with your goals and aspirations. In this article, we delve deep into two highly effective strategies designed to streamline your decision-making process: the 'Worst-Case Scenario Analysis' and the 'Weighted Average Decision Matrix.' Dive in to discover how to transform your decision-making approach.



Strategy 1: Worst-Case Scenario Analysis


Making an informed decision involves considering the potential risks and rewards associated with each option. A practical way to evaluate these risks is through a worst-case scenario analysis. This involves contemplating the worst possible outcomes of a decision and assessing their likelihood.


Ask yourself these 3 questions.


  1. What's the worst-case scenario of this choice?

  2. What's the probability of this outcome?

  3. Is this an acceptable risk?


Step 1: What's the Worst-Case Scenario of This Choice?


The first step of the worst-case scenario analysis is to clearly define the potential negative consequences of a choice. This requires a realistic and somewhat pessimistic view of the situation.


For example, purchasing an Online Course for Financial Success.

Imagine you come across an enticing online course promising incredible financial success in a short amount of time. The course claims to provide you with exclusive strategies and insider knowledge for a relatively high price. However, you're skeptical about whether this opportunity is safe or legitimate.


In this example, the worst-case scenario could be:


  • Spending a substantial amount of money with little or no return on investment.

  • Falling victim to a scam, leading to financial loss and potential identity theft.

  • Missing out on other profitable opportunities due to focusing on this course.


Step 2: What's the Probability of the Outcome?


Once you've identified the worst-case scenario, the next step is to assess its probability. This involves estimating the likelihood of the adverse outcomes occurring.


In our online course example, the potential negative outcomes could be:

  • Not making any substantial income from the course, therefore losing money.

  • Missing out on investing in something else that could have fulfilled your aspirations.

  • Wasting time and realizing years later that the course didn't help you achieve your dreams.

  • Having to work longer hours to compensate for the financial loss.


Step 3: Is This An Acceptable Risk?


The final step of the worst-case scenario analysis is to decide whether the associated risk is acceptable. If your answer is 'Yes' and the worst-case scenario is unlikely or that you can handle the potential negative impacts, then the choice is worth considering.


However, if your answer is 'No' and the risk seems too substantial, and isn't worth taking risk, it's better to dismiss that option.




Strategy 2: Weighted Average Decision Matrix


What if you're faced with multiple appealing alternatives? This is where the weighted average decision matrix comes into play.


This strategy allows you to compare different options against a list of important factors, helping you make a more informed decision.


For instance, imagine you have job offers from multiple companies, and both seem appealing, making you confused about which one you should pick. You'll need some paper and a pen for this strategy.


Step 1: Identify the Factors


The first step is to draw three lines on your paper. In the first line, write 'Factors.' In the second and third lines, write 'Job 1' and 'Job 2.' Then, identify the factors that are important for your decision-making. Aspects like salary, working hours, and location, and write down every factor in the 'Factors' line.

Decision-making list based on factors


Step 2: Assign Weights to Each Factor


The next step is to assign a numerical weight to each factor. The most important factor should be given the highest weight (10), the next important factor a weight of 9, and so on.



Which job opportunity should I take? Write down factors that is important to consider


Step 3: Score Each Option


After assigning weights to each factor, the next step is to score each option for each decision factor.

For example, if 'Job 1' offers better pay than 'Job 2', you give 'Job 1' a score of 2 and 'Job 2' a score of 1 for the "Payment" factor.


If 'Job 2' offers shorter working hours than 'Job 1', you could give it a score of 8 and Job 1 a score of 5 for the "Working Hours" factor.


If you love the 'job 2' location where you work and live but not at all place in job 1? Then you give 10 to job 2 and give 1 to job 1. "Location" factor. Keep doing this for each factor and choice, and your list should look something like this:



Choosing  job based on factors, such as pay  working hours, job satisfaction, and many factors

Step 4: Calculate the Weighted Scores


Following this, you need to calculate the weighted scores for each option. This involves multiplying the weight of each factor by the score of each option for that factor.



The weighted average decision making matrix

Step 5: Sum Up the Scores


The final step is to add up the weighted scores for each option. The option with the highest total score will be your best choice.


Drawing how the weighted average decision-making matrix works

In this example, you should take job 2 because it received a higher score, 260 over 206.


The weighted average decision matrix is a great strategy for making big decisions as long as you are honest with the factor weighting.



Conclusion


Decision-making can be tough, especially when you're presented with multiple appealing options. However, by utilizing strategies like the worst-case scenario analysis and the weighted average decision matrix, you can make right choices that align with your goals and values.


Remember, the key to effective decision-making lies in understanding the potential risks and rewards associated with each option and objectively evaluating them against your personal preferences and priorities.

Comments


bottom of page